Depression has become very common among the adults. Depression may occur in three levels which includes; mild depression, moderate depression as well as severe depression. Research has shown that one in every four women and one in every ten men will suffer from depression at some time in their lives. There are many symptoms that are associated with depression in adult such as; loneliness, suicidal thoughts, loss of appetite, loss of sleep, low energy, persistent sadness and so on. The more severe the condition becomes, the more the symptoms that the patient will experience. In most cases, the patients will get convinced that something really bad is about to happen to them such as a fatal disease or poverty.
Recent studies have shown that about 6%-19% of the population will suffer from major depression at one time in their life. Although there is no apparent known cause for depression, many researchers tend to think that it is a biological illness. The reasoning for this is due to;The condition occurs without any apparent reason for example without any changes in lifestyle,The condition tend to run down the family tree,It can be treated with medicines alone in most cases.
Depression is a condition that must be taken very seriously. If not checked, it can have severe impacts on one's life. It can interfere with social life, career life, family relations and can also impact negatively on your sense of self purpose and self worth.
Major causes of depression in adults
There are many factors that have been found to be possible causes of depression. Some of the causes include; alcohol abuse, change in seasons, physical/hormonal changes, traumatic events, hypothyroidism, stroke, heart attack and so on.
Common symptoms of depression in adults
-Anger and anxiety
-Withdrawing from family and friends
-Feeling of guilt and worthlessness
-Changes in eating habits as well as sleeping patterns
-Irritability,Lack of enthusiasm and motivation
-Weight loss or weight gain
Diagnosis of depression
There is no clinical test that can be conducted to determine if the patient is suffering from depression. Diagnosis is based on; the type of symptoms being experienced by the patient, for how long the patient has had the symptoms and also how the symptoms have impacted on the patient's life. Blood tests may also be conducted but only to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms.
Treatment of depression in adults
There are different treatment options that are available for depression patients. Among them includes;
-Cognitive-behavioral therapy- This method tries to recognize what has caused depression and also helps to fight negative thoughts
-Use of antidepressants- These are medicines that brings re-establishes chemical balance in the brains. In some cases, antidepressants may be administered together with other medication such as antianxiety, anticonvulsant, mood-stabilizing or antipsychotic medications.
-Engaging in creative work of art, music or drama could help to relieve symptoms of depression
-Group therapy- it helps to fight feelings of isolation which may lead one to have feelings of loneliness.
-Other treatment options includes; St John's wort, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), exercising and light therapy.