Saturday, July 27, 2013

Physical Tests for Depression

I'm looking online now for different ways to determine the source of your depression.

Here is what I've found so far.

- Bionetics. Apparently this test requires a hair sample and some electronic equipment to determine physiological depression causes - infections, illnesses, viruses, parasites, toxins and chemicals, lack of certain nutrients or damage by certain diets. The convenience of this test is that the results include recommendations for certain natural remedies to help with your depression and dietary advice. The results also can be received online or by post within a week, and are relatively inexpensive.

- Spit sample. Researchers found that they can monitor levels of stress and signs of impending depression by checking the levels of stress hormone cortisol in your saliva. If they are too high you're most likely depressed. But you would want to confirm this with blood test as well.

- Physical exam. When you go to the doctor, he/she might decide to do the physical exam to rule out the problems with your nervous system or hormonal imbalance causing your depression disorder. As you know, any major physical illness may cause depression.They will check for hyperthyroidism, tumors of central nervous system, head trauma, different types of cancers, multiple sclerosis, stroke and even syphilis. Consequently they might require a CT scan or MRI of your brain to rule out brain tumors, electrocardiogram (ECG) to check how your heart functions and electroencephalogram (EEG)to check your brain activity.

Of course, physiological tests don't exclude in any way psychological ones, where you have to answer certain questions to a mental health practitioner to determine if you have depression disorder and how severe it is. The questions will include your symptoms and how long you had them, the history of alcohol and drug abuse, physical illnesses and family mental history.

But nearly all the physicians agree that if your depression is sudden, happens in later years, you had no prior history of mental health problems or certain problems in your environment causing your depression disorder to develop slowly over time, then they should check your blood, urine, thyroid, kidneys and liver functions, and also heart and central nervous system for underlying physical illness. So don't be surprised if you have to go through additional tests, be grateful that you are being checked thoroughly. And as I said before, if you don't agree with the diagnosis, always try to obtain second and even third opinion. Better be safe than sorry.

I'm really curious if anyone knows any other tests you can go through? If you do, please, share!

The Characteristics of Highly Creative People

I recently ran a creative thinking workshop for some business students. At the end of the session one of the students asked me if I could spot a creative thinker. To my mind the question is moot as everyone whether or not they realise it thinks creatively at some point. As I pondered the question however I began to realise there were some characteristics that seemed to be present in just about every person I would categorise as highly creative.

Flexibility - its important to be flexible and to consider the possibility that problems and challenges may have more than one answer or solution. A creative thinker needs the flexibility to realise when something isn't working and its time to change the approach. Many of the creative thinkers I have met enjoyed the fact that there was more than one possibility, more than one answer. They revelled in the variety and often disliked it when they felt they were being forced into a corner.

Intense curiosity - Creative thinkers tend to ask a lot of questions. They have a deep curiosity about the world around them that is accompanied by an almost childlike excitement. This can be cultivated simply taking a proper look at the world around you and realising how fantastic and bizarre it really is. Many people never really take the time to do this.

Positive attitude - it is extremely hard to think creatively when you are feeling negative. Possibly this is linked to the intense curiosity (its also hard to be curious about things when you feel negative). People who are creative generally have a positive outlook and mindset on life. The common image of a creative who is emotionally unstable and subject to manic depression is stereotypical - they do exist but they tend to have bouts of hyper creativity followed by a depression during which there is very little creativity at all. The type of person I'm about in this article is a lot more emotionally balanced than this.

Strong motivation and determination - True creative thinking is exciting and energising but its not always easy. For it to succeed you need a high level of motivation and determination. The creative thinkers I have met tend to be high energy individuals whose speech patterns and movements tend to be pretty fast. A conversation with them can be amusing as they pepper you with questions and then change the subject completely.

Fearlessness - People who are highly creative tend to worry little about whether or not they are right or wrong. They are generally excited by the ideas or concepts they have come up with and are exploring. In my view this is fantastic but it does need to be balanced by the need to achieve a measurable outcome especially in business.

I honestly believe it is worth knowing these characteristics. If for example you own a business you will now be able to spot the creative thinkers in your workforce and deploy them where they can add the most value. If you simply want to be more creative yourself then you now know some of the characteristics you need to nurture and develop. Good Luck!

How Much of Life is Wasted in Waiting?

The title quotes a line from the new Indiana Jones film, and one that we could all do well to heed.

This quote is particularly relevant to the one thing many people don't seem able to focus clearly on; their health and fitness.

How many times have you wasted time, waiting to do something about your big bum, your sagging arms or your terrible diet? Have you caught yourself complaining about your lack of results, your poor willpower or just the simple fact you don't have time?

For those of you already active, how long have you been waiting to match your eating with your effective exercise program?

They say all good things come to those who wait...

Waiting is fine, so long as you've already started the ball rolling and taken action to make things happen.

Waiting to get started is a killer.

Complaining about your lack of energy, your expanding bottom or your ballooning waistline, without doing anything constructive about it will take you nowhere, except further into depression and dissatisfaction.

Getting started on a healthy plan is a great start, but unless you stick with that plan and see it through to completion (ie: fat loss or improved health), you may as well save your energy.

Indiana Jones was relentless in finding his treasure. He didn't give up at the first hurdle. He put the time and effort in and it paid off - richly!

Take my advice - little and often - both for exercise and eating portions.

With those two health changes you can't go wrong...

What is Manic Depression?

Manic depression is related with high mood swings from an overly high to an overly low or the depressed state. It is medically termed as bipolar disorder which identifies the mood swings of a person. It is considered to be a brain disorder which is responsible for the unusual changes that take place in the body. It can affect both men and women at any age. There is more probability of getting this when you have a family history of having bipolar disorder.

The extreme mood swings put them in a very depressed state often. They have the sensation of frustration, anger, sadness, feeling of guilt, and hopeless. They tend to be hyper active and grandiose at times. They have a mixed state where the symptoms of bipolar disorder and depression occur at the same time.

  • The mood swings occur in cycles. It is during this interval, people are able to do their works properly and lead a normal life.

  • manic depression can affect the personal relationships in family and results in a chaos. It can make the individuals to lose money, job, confidence and all that they have in life.

  • Extreme conditions of manic depression might lead to unacceptable aggressive behavior. The near and dear ones might find it extremely difficult to cope up with the problems.

  • When it persists, this might become a life threatening problem. It can very well kindle the thoughts of suicidal attempts and also to acts of homicide in rare cases.

  • They try to become drug addicts to escape from the ill effects from mania which is highly dangerous.
    This problem might start at the late teen age and should be treated earlier. There are various effective treatment methods available in most of the leading rehabilitation centers. Any disease is curable when treated with effective medication and care.

Natural Tactics to Overcome Depression Without Medication

There are natural ways to overcome depression without medication that involve a holistic mind and body approach using several different strategies to address the symptoms. The best course of action for your particular situation will depend on the nature of your symptoms. Low level depression can often be self managed effectively, while more severe depression may benefit from professional help.

To heal depression naturally it's important to remember that mood disorders have both a physical and psychological basis. Each case is highly individual, and it may not be obvious if one aspect plays a stronger role than the other. A thorough physical checkup may be helpful to provide some feedback in establishing a personalized course of action.

A general list of some areas to look at include:

  • unresolved emotional issues

  • stress reduction

  • diet and digestive health

Because trauma is a natural part of being human, unresolved emotional issues are often involved in depression. It's common that skills for dealing with and resolving traumatic events are not fully developed while growing up, so sometimes we are unconsciously still carrying around the energy of unresolved emotions from earlier in life.

This situation affects all of us to varying degrees. Some researchers believe unresolved emotional issues are the root cause of most illness and disease. If you suspect that you may have unresolved trauma involving child and/or sexual abuse, the safest route would be some form of professional therapy. For less severe issues there are many self help options available to learn more effective management of emotions.

Stress management skills are an absolute necessity in today's fast paced and quickly changing world, and even more so if you're consistently experiencing some level of depression or anxiety.

Biofeedback, meditation and focused relaxation training can help you release stress before it builds up to harmful levels. Regular exercise is an easy and effective way to reduce your stress levels, and is especially helpful if your daily life tends to be sedentary.

Current research is revealing the important role diet and digestion play in the emotions we experience. The stomach and intestines have a very sensitive nervous system network called the enteric nervous system. Stress negatively affects this system which can result in indigestion, acid reflux or ulcers. Paying some attention to diet can be a good way to help heal depression naturally.

Highly processed foods can cause an allergic irritation in the digestive system because of the high levels of artificial additives it contains. Some improvement in depression symptoms may be noticed from simply switching from processed food to organic, natural food. Also finding and eliminating food allergens from the diet is important.

Supplements and Herbal Remedies for Depression and Anxiety

Nutritional supplements and herbal remedies are another approach that can help ease depression. Passionflower and St. John's wort are two of the most popular herbs used for these issues, and can be very helpful if your symptoms include insomnia.

Some other supplements for depression include:

  • A high quality multi-vitamin supplement

  • Omega three fatty acids i.e. fish, flax or borage oil

  • Amino acids

  • 5-HTP

  • SAMe

A natural, holistic way to overcome depression without medication involves a strategy that considers unresolved emotional issues, stress reduction and diet adjustments. For an assessment of your condition as well as guidance on a personalized course of action, a naturopathic doctor or other natural health care provider can help.

Overcoming Sadness

Many people today feel sad, unhappy, blue, or down. Some of the most common reasons are age transition, job dissatisfaction or job loss, and divorce. In spite of the challenges that we face today there is some good news. The dark blue funk doesn't have to last. Beside, long-term, that could create very negative chemical imbalance in our bodies. With time though most negative emotions will pass and you will start to feel like your normal self again.

However, when unhappiness persists for a period of weeks or months it is usually an indicator of something considerably more serious. Depression is a real illness that affects as many as 1 in 10 people in the United States and many people all over the world. It is sad that many teenagers are also experiencing. The effect of depression on people's lives is relevant and effects all aspects of their lives including their jobs, relationships and health. If you or anyone you know is going through depression please do not wait and hope that the person will get better all alone. Rather, look for professional assistance immediately, stay close to this person, and be part of his or her support group.

If you or someone you know is sad, or unusually tired, it may be that this person is depressed. Here are some of he most common indicators of depression:
• Irritable mood
• Restlessness
• Change in appetite resulting in weight gain or loss
• Lack or excessive sleep
• Lethargy
• Excessive or inappropriate feelings of guilt, shame, or self-loathing
• Feelings of worthlessness, or hopelessness
• Lack of interest in previously enjoyed activities
• Inability to concentrate or sustain focus
• Lack of interest in social activities
• Thoughts of death and/or suicide

Depression has many causes. Some of the causes are external while others are internal. External or environmental causes include the following

• Stressful life events, including: the breakup of a relationship, divorce, loss of job, failing a class, abuse, death/illness of someone close to you, lack of social circle or social support, family disputes
• Alcohol abuse, drugs.
Internal causes of depression include, but may not be limited to, the following:
• Medical conditions (i.e. an under-active thyroid) and chronic pain or disease (i.e. cancer)
• Medication: anabolic steroids have been shown to contribute to the development of depression.
• Sleeping problems: insomnia can deregulate your mood.

Some forms of depression, those caused by the chemical imbalances for example, are not preventable but can be treated. However, there are certain lifestyle factors that can help to boost your mood and in some cases even alleviate symptoms if you are overcoming depression. A good healthy diet, nutrition and exercise can help minimize the symptoms of depression. Whenever you start a program to change your body it is a good idea to seek the advise of a professional, for example a nutritionist, certified fitness trainer or a clinical hypnotherapist.

In my practice I see a many individuals who are suffering from symptoms of depression. I usually create guided meditations and relaxations for them. Many of these same people come to see me to know what to do to prevent sadness or feelings of worthlessness. For many of them these feelings are recurrent which indicates that probably their biochemistry has a predisposition to develop depression. I always refer them to the right profession and on severe cases I work together with their doctor.

As a relaxation therapist with graduate training in both traditional counseling psychology and clinical hypnosis my focus is to work on mental reprogramming. Most of the feelings of worthlessness start with a thought and sometimes they are anticipatory. For example, a client may wake up and think, "I just know that today will be a crappy day."; or "Oh darn, its Monday and I always get down on Mondays". These kind of thoughts are self-sabotaging beliefs that prevent people from achieving health, no matter how many antidepressants they take. Of course I do not recommend for an instant that anyone ignore the advice of their physician or replace prescribed medications with relaxation techniques.

Relaxation therapy for depression is an advanced visualization technique that has already helped thousands of people to progress towards a more fulfilling life. This healing method helps clients understand the potential resting within. During the relaxation therapy session a new set of mental programming and linguistic patterns that helps the individual to achieve maximum health are created and inserted into the person's subconscious mind. Relaxation therapy is the most gentle and non-invasive way to achieve health.

During relaxation therapy a client visualizes different self-manifestations, images of the client carrying out various versions of his or her life with alternate scenarios. The client comes to realization that he or she can do absolutely anything they set their mind to. The subconscious mind doesn't separate reality from fiction. Thus it is easy to start feeling good immediately through relaxation therapy with the help of a professional hypnotherapist, certified relaxation therapist and counselor.

Relaxation therapy for health utilize subliminal messages. This is commonly known as mental programming. Don't let just anyone walk around inside of your mind. This type of therapy should be performed by certified practitioners in the field of hypnosis and hypnotherapy. Training and expertise is necessary to deliver the best results possible.

Scientists have known for decades that the conscious mind is highly resistant to directions that are not delivered with the mental agreement or consent of the client. Suggestions and inductions for wellness should be discussed with the client before starting the session and should be mutually agreed upon. Not only should the client agree with the proposed suggestions, but the therapist needs to agree that the proposed suggestions are ethical and that they will be beneficial for the client. If this is not done then the client will most likely resist any direction during the session.

With depression the work of the hypnotherapist or relaxation therapist is to find all the positive motivators for the particular client that will help the client shift perceptions and attitudes. This is what gives subliminal and positive affirmations messages their amazing power to transform your life.

Relaxation therapy works with the whole individual; the person's body, mind and spirit. I use the relaxation response method to achieve overall health and to create the best possible future for my clients.

Friday, July 26, 2013

Home Remedies For Candida Depression - Finally Practical Information on Natural Remedy Options

Depression is an ailment that every human being tends to suffer with at some point of life. The most prominent cause of depression has always been attributed to emotional and psychological imbalances occurring inside the brain. An important reason for these imbalances is infections such as candidiasis, a disease caused by yeast called Candida albicans. One effective treatment method is to practice home remedies for candida depression.

In certain health complications such as diabetes, immune system of our body gets compromised. Candida is an opportunistic pathogen that is present inside the human gastrointestinal tract. During immuno-compromised conditions, it tends to overgrow and cause severe irritation on the skin. If left untreated, candidiasis can cause severe discomfort and also result in some serious systemic complications. Candida overgrowth is also a cause of depression in certain individuals. So, get rid of candida if you want to stay away from symptoms of candida depression.

At present, the most commonly prescribed treatment is use of antifungal agents such as Nystatin and Diflucan that can kill the pathogens. Candida thrives well in sugar-rich environments. Hence, one must also include certain dietary changes so that there are no nutrients available for the yeast to feed on. Apart from these, one can get rid of candidiasis and associates symptoms of depression by using some herbal supplements. Herbal remedies for candida depression include those herbal remedies that are effective against candida and provide relief from depression.

  • Neem Oil - Since ages, Neem has been used as a cure for several ailments because of its antibacterial and antifungal properties. If you are suffering with cutaneous candidiasis, apply neem oil directly on the affected area.

  • Candida can also be cured using Apple Cider vinegar and Tea Tree oil. Both these herbal products are particularly effective in treating oral thrush or oral candidiasis and vaginal candidiasis.

If you are suffering with candidiasis and depression, one must also include certain herbal remedies for depression apart from getting treated for candidiasis. Some important remedies herbs depression are listed below:

  • St. John's Wart - This is one of the oldest herbal remedies for depression. Interestingly, this treatment can also be used to gain relief from depression caused due to candidiasis. St. John's Wart relaxes the brain and helps in stabilizing moods. Also, it prevents certain associated symptoms such as anxiety and nervousness.

  • 5-hydroxy tryptamine or 5HT is an effective antidepressant compound derived from an herb called Griffonia simplicifolia. This compound gets metabolized inside the body into serotonin, an important neurotransmitter that helps in neuronal relaxation and mood stabilization.

Apart from these, other herbal remedies for depression include Holy Basil, Green Tea, Asparagus, Amla and Brahmi.

Interestingly, herbal remedies for candida depression are extremely effective and don't even cause any side effects. However, one must remember to consult the physician before using any of these herbal remedies for depression. Both, candidiasis and depression can turn severe if not treated properly. Hence, they always need medical intervention so that the treatment is effective and the conditions never recur.

There Are Many Famous People With Manic Depression

Surprisingly enough, there are many famous people with manic depression. There are certainly more people around than many of us know who have been affected by depression. One of the major issues with depression is that we often think we're all alone. Famous people with manic depression and depression are out there. It's not just you and the rest of the "ordinary" people who suffer.

The reality is that those with some of the most creative and artistic minds suffer from depression and some physicians have tried to connect that personality type, with a bent toward depression. If you're suffering from depression or you have considered that you might be depressed, then you are certainly in very good company.

Many of the most creative and the most intelligent people on earth have suffered from depression, manic depression, or bipolar disorder at one point or another in their life. The secret to continuing, to moving forward in many cases is to get some help dealing with something that may be too difficult to deal with alone.

Depression can affect anyone. Simply having plenty of money, or a lot of friends, or a great deal of support, does not mean that you will never suffer from depression. While it may be slightly uncomfortable for many of us to admit that we have a mental disorder, it's no different from any other garden variety of illness. You can treat it effectively, and you should! Talking to someone about your feelings is the first step in getting the help that you may need to manage your depression. Seeking out help is the first step toward conquering your depression and getting back to enjoying your life. Still think it feels lonely?

Here are just a few of some of the famous people that you may know who have suffered from depression over long periods of time:

Russell Brand, actor and comedian

Kurt Cobain, musician and band member

Rosemary Clooney, actress and musician/singer

Patricia Cornwell, famous crime author

Richard Dreyfuss, actor and star of Jaws movies and Mr. Holland's Opus

Patty Duke Astin, actress and spokesperson

Carrie Fisher, Star Wars actress

Abbie Hoffman, Political activist

Jack Irons, Pearl Jam and Red Hot Chili Peppers Musician

Kay Redfield Jamison, noted psychologist and Psychiatry professor of Johns Hopkins (tried to get a connection to creativity and bipolar disorder introduced into psychiatry)

Kerry Katona, Television celebrity and pop singer for Atomic Kitten Margot Kidder, Actress

Vivien Leigh, Actress

Patrick Kroupa, famous hacker and writer

Kristy McNichol, Child and adult actress

Burgess Meridith, Penguin on Batman, noted actor

Florence Nightingale, famous nurse and health care worker.(heard voices and had several severe bouts with depression)

Sin矇ad O'Connor-singer, famed for her rude behavior and mistreatment of others

Ozzy Osbourne, singer.

Jane Pauley, television journalist

Edgar Allan Poe, noted poet and author of some very gloomy books

Margaret Trudeau, wife of former Canadian Prime minister and celebrity

Jean-Claude Van Damme, noted French actor

Vincent Van Gogh, artist

Pete Wentz, musician

In some cases, their battles with depression were lost, resulting in death from drug overdoses and/or suicide. However, in most cases, these people got help, and went on to do amazing things with their lives and so can you! You can defeat your illness and enjoy life.

Bipolar Disorder 101- What You Absolutely Need to Know


Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is quite prevalent in USA and the numbers are on a rise with the stressors of life on a rise.

What is bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness in whish one faces unpredictable mood swings ranging from depressive symptoms to manic symptoms. It is not necessary that a person has depression to be labeled as bipolar disorder, episodes of mania are sufficient. The most frequent age of onset is between 20 and 30 years but the variations are still present.

What are different types?

There are basically two different types of bipolar disorder type I or type II based on the amount of depressive and manic episodes. For characterizing a person as full-blown mania one should have the symptoms of mania for one week and of depression for two weeks.

How to diagnose Bipolar disorder?

To diagnose bipolar disorder one should have symptoms of mania or symptoms of mania and depression. The symptoms of mania are unrestrained buying sprees, talkativeness, inflated self-esteem, flight of ideas, sleeplessness, distractibility, etc.

To diagnose depression the symptoms are recurrent thoughts of death, insomnia, loss of energy, weight loss, psychomotor agitation, markedly diminished interest, etc.

What are differential diagnoses?

The differential diagnoses are hyperthyroidism, AIDS, Huntington's, Wilson's disease, alcohol abuse, etc.

What is the cause?

The cause is not very well understood but it is hypothesized that patients are genetically predisposed. Some give the theory of deficiency of some chemical transmitters. Others give the theory of neurostructural changes.

What is the management?

According to the physicians it is a disorder in which the patient comes to the physician by himself for his problems. For treating the bipolar disorders the treatment options available are lithium, carbamazepine (Tegretol) and valproic acid (Depakote). The side effects of using lithium are fine tremor, hypothyroidism, and neutrophilia besides others. The main problem with lithium is that its blood level should be monitored. Also the effects of it wont appear until 7-10 days of treatment. Carbamazepine has the side effects of rashes, hyponatremia, agranulocytosis, etc. Valproic acid has the adverse effects of tremors, pancreatitis, liver problems, etc.
Besides the medications there are certain other treatment modalities available such as cognitive behavior therapy, yoga therapy and herbal medicines. Through the cognitive behavior therapy the subjects learn to change the negative thoughts. Yoga therapy, thing primarily of the east but now gaining good ground in the west, aims at channelising positive energy throughout the body. As these therapies are not inducing certain chemicals into the body, they are said to be without any side effects.

What are the precautions?

Because of the side effects profile of all the drugs and way the patients behave, the physicians should be extra alert. It is said that the most important time to look after the patient is when he is recovering because it is the time when he is getting energy and hence he can fulfill his thoughts of suicide.

2 Little Known Causes of Depression

Among the many causes of depression are 2 little known causes - "highly unlikely" as in, one does not normally associate depression with the component in question.

The First Little Known Cause: Oral Contraceptives

Among these, birth control pills have recently come under scrutiny as a possible cause, with previously "normal" women (and teens) reporting symptoms such as:

• Unrelieved pessimism
• Exhaustion
• Deep sadness
• Crying
• Stress

The big tip-off that the depression may be caused by contraceptives? A lack of the sleep disorders or appetite changes such as anorexia (loss of appetite) or carbohydrate/sugar cravings that usually accompanies most types of depression.

When one starts to realize that some of these symptoms mimic pregnancy or postpartum depression, things start to make sense. Studies further confirmed that almost half the number of women studied for depression associated with oral contraceptives test as deficient in vitamin B6 (pyridoxine.)

When treated with vitamin B6, the depressed woman's moods noticeably improved.

If this sounds as if it might be the cause of your depression, do see your doctor or naturopath to discuss B6 supplementation.

Keep in mind that dosage should not exceed 50 mg/day.

The Second Little Known Cause: Zinc Deficiency

Zinc is a mineral that provides crucial regulation for our genetic functions. When diets are zinc deficient over a long period of time, our genes don't "read" information the correct way. The results? Symptoms such as:

• Depression
• Frequent colds and sore throats
• Lack of appetite
• Lowered immune systems
• Frequent infections (compromised white blood cells)

One big clue to a possible zinc deficiency, apart from these symptoms? Faulty sense of taste and smell.

Before you rush out to dose yourself with Zinc, however, do consult your health professional. The optimum amount is tricky to determine for each individual, and it is possible to suffer from an overdose. Recommended zinc dosage for adults: 8mg per day.

Symptoms of Zinc toxicity include digestive difficulties, cramps and a bitter taste frequently described as "metallic".

Healing Anxiety And Depression - An Holistic Approach Works Best

Healing anxiety and depression can be a very challenging health concern but with advances in pharmaceutical treatments and psychotherapy methods it can be done with some sustained work.

Oftentimes medicinal drugs are the first treatment offered by your health care professional due to the fact that the correct medication can bring very quick relief from the anxiety and depression symptoms helping you to feel better sooner rather than later.

However, successfully healing anxiety and depression in the long term usually requires a combined approach of drugs and psycho-therapy.

Singularly these treatment options are very effective. Combined they allow for rapid easing of your symptoms as well as developing an understanding about why the anxiety and depression occurred and how to modify your behavior and thinking so it does not occur again.

Medical Advances Help In The Healing Of Anxiety And Depression:

Fortunately for many who suffer with depression and anxiety medical science has been working to find the answers as to why these conditions occur at a bio chemical level and also what chemicals can help to eliminate the problem.

This research and experimentation has allowed for the creation of a variety of pharmaceutical drugs that can help a wide variety of anxiety and depression like conditions.

The wide variety of pharmaceuticals available today for sufferers gives physicians a lot of choice in what drugs they prescribe to their patients. This allows for greater results and safer treatment as the best drug for each patients specific needs can be used.

Be aware though that some medication can have major side effects and if they are not the correct medication for your specific condition they may in fact make your condition worse.

Make sure to let your doctor know immediately when you experience any worsening of your condition or any other side effects that you notice. It does not mean that your condition cannot be treated with medication, it simply means that there is a certain amount of trail and error experimentation that must go on before the correct medication and dosage is discovered.

Similar advances in psychotherapeutic techniques allow for much greater flexibility in choosing the most appropriate treatment for each individual anxiety and depression sufferer.

Just as it is important to find the appropriate medication for your specific needs, so to is it important to find the appropriate psychological intervention to help you get the best long lasting results.

While it may take some time and effort on your part when you get the appropriate treatments and treat your condition holistically, it will be possible for you to heal your anxiety and depression.

What Is The Difference Between Psychotic Depression and Schizophrenia?

Psychotic depression and schizophrenia can be easily confused with each other, but they are not the same. By definition, psychotic depression is a major depressive disorder that presents with hallucinations and delusions, while schizophrenia is a mental illness whereby the individual has difficulty thinking logically, identifying between what's real and what's imagined, and to express feelings appropriately. It's possible for psychotic depression to turn into schizophrenia just as it is possible for schizophrenia to cause psychotic depression.

Psychotic Depression vs Schizophrenia: Differentiating the Symptoms

Individuals with psychotic depression are usually agitated and anxious with some degree of intellectual impairment and physical immobility. They have sleeping problems, as well, excessive preoccupation with their health (hypochondriasis), hallucinations and delusions.

Schizophrenics, on the other hand, are hostile and suspicious. When you look at them you will find their gaze devoid of any expression. Social withdrawal is very likely, and along with it the reduced need or lack of desire to take care of one's self. Personal hygiene suffers, and so do personal and social relationships. Individuals diagnosed with this mental disorder are irrational, forgetful, and defensive to criticisms. Insomnia and depression are problems often met by schizophrenics.

Later Signs and Symptoms of Schizophrenia

As schizophrenia progress, delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior become more apparent.


It's typical of schizophrenics to be delusional. Most of them experience one or several of the following types of delusion:

繚 Delusions of persecution. Schizophrenics with delusions of persecution believe that someone is out there to persecute him/her.

繚 Delusions of grandeur. This is a strange believe that one is a VIP or who possesses super powers.

繚 Delusions of control. Schizophrenics believe that how they think or what they do are influenced by an outside force.


Also common to schizophrenics are hallucinations. Hallucinations are signs and sounds that are believed to be real but which actually exist nowhere else but in the mind of the patient.

Disorganized Speech and Behavior

Schizophrenics have difficulty focusing. They can shift from topic to topic, which when you put them all together, no longer makes any sense. If you ask them questions, they will answer, but inappropriately. They keep repeating words and phrases over and over again. Sometimes they create their own words that nobody else understands.

Psychotic Depression and Schizophrenia: Understanding the Causes

There are a number of factors that can lead to psychotic depression, among them:

繚 Genetics.

繚 Neurotransmitter problems

繚 Hormonal imbalances

繚 Inability to cope with stresses and tragedies.

繚 Personality problems.

With schizophrenia, the following factors are said to trigger its occurrence:

繚 Genetics. If someone in your immediate family has the disorder, there's a 10% chance that you will have it, too. If both your parents have been diagnosed with the disorder, there's a 40% chance of you developing it as well.

繚 Neurotransmitter problems of imbalances in the brain chemicals.

繚 Structural abnormalities in the brain.

繚 Complications experienced during pregnancy or birth.

繚 Substance abuse. Marijuana consumption can cause schizophrenia.

Treatment Options For Psychotic Depression and Schizophrenia

Psychotic Depression is managed with a combination of antidepressants and antipsychotic drugs (using only antidepressants is found to be not very effective in many patients), and electroconvulsive therapy for patients found to have significant retardation of the psychomotor. The use of drugs needs to be strictly monitored, though, while electroconvulsive therapy has to be done in a hospital facility by a trained specialist.

To treat schizophrenia, antipsychotic drugs will be prescribed, but with extreme caution considering the many side effects they come with. The patient will also be advised to undergo psychosocial treatments, learn disease management skills and coping skills to deal with everyday stresses. If substance abuse is what triggered the disorder, integrating treatment for substance abuse will be employed.

Thursday, July 25, 2013

Depression in Teens - Quick Tips To Help You Spot It And Cure It Fast

Depression in teens can be very hard to recognise. Read on to find out the symptoms to look for, how to build a support network for your teenager and what you will need to do to get yourself and your child through this difficult time if you think they may be suffering from depression in teens.

  • Step1: Get informed. The most common causes of depression in teens are... the loss a close family member, a family history of depression, an unstable upbringing, an abusive parent or career and any pre-existing behavioural or attention disorders can also contribute. Girls are more likely to suffer than boys, but boys are less likely to discuss their problems or any feelings of depression. If it goes untreated, depression in teens can become extremely serious. In some cases the depression has worsened, it can lead to depression in adulthood and it increases the risk of suicidal tendencies. Make sure you read as much information as possible. Don't assume it's a phase, depression in teens must be taken seriously and treated.

  • Step 2: The symptoms. The following symptoms can be signs of depression in teens... spending more time alone, not spending time with friends, a noticeable lack of enthusiasm, more tired than usual, a bleak outlook on life, change in diet (eating more/less), insomnia or oversleeping, tired and fatigued, trouble with memory and concentration, easily frustrated and irritable. If your teen has constantly displayed more than three of these symptoms for more than two weeks they may be suffering from depression in teens and it's time to take action.

  • Step 3: Building a support network. Try talking to your teenager, try to get to the bottom of the way they're feeling, but don't push too hard. This may be difficult as they may not want to share their feelings. If you have a close relationship with one of your son or daughters friends, they can help you understand whether your child is a depression sufferer-try talking to them they may have the answers. Try to be there for you child as much as possible, share the burden with your spouse and other family members. You could even involve their close friends in the group, the more support your teenager has the more secure they will feel.

  • Step 4: Beating depression. If you think your child may be suffering from depression in teens, it's time to get help. Visit your doctor and get your child diagnosed. Your doctor will be able to tell the various forms of medication available. Be sure to also enquire about the possibility of talking therapies as a cure. CBT: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is one of the most successful ways of dealing with and helping to cure depression in teens. You may also be able to offer your teen some alternative remedies. St Johns Wort is a natural antidepressant that may help to make your son/daughter start to feel better. Try to make their life fun, and less stressful. Remember... the small things you do will make a big difference.

I hope my advice has helped you realise that depression in teens is treatable and that there is a lot of help out there for you and your child. Click on the links below if you would like more information on Depression in Teens.

Dave Matthews Band Quotes - And Why They Are So Memorable

A good quote will create a kind of "placeholder" in your mind. It sits there like a seed burying itself deeper into your subconscious, gaining roots. You hear it one day, then, you forget it. But something stays hidden, if only on the cusp of our memories. Then one day you find yourself stuck in a country, awaiting your immigration papers. Not allowed to work and not allowed to leave. It takes you 7 months just to fill out the overly invasive paperwork and then you have to wait another year and a half just to find out if you can even stay. It's only then and without warning do the words "I say my hell is the closet I'm stuck inside", come resonating like a crushing wave into your heart.

This is the power of a great quote. It's a wise man's pandora box that only truly opens when you've faced life's great experiences. Dave Matthews Band has many of these quotes. Some of my favorite quotes are...

1) "I say my hell is the closet I'm stuck inside" - To Much To Say

2) "Take what you can from your dreams, make them as real as anything." - Grey St.

3) "What you get when you give nothing is everything you gave." - DMB

The 1st quote is from their second studio recording entitled Crash. So Much To Say comes crashing in as the first track and first single release from this album. It won a Grammy back in 1997 for Best Rock Performance By a Duo or Group and only reached #19 on the Modern Rock Charts. This quote from the song is a fantastic reflection on how the world we live in can box us in creating a kind of emotional torture. We can escape the world we live in but we can't escape ourselves.

The 2nd quote is from the rocking tune "Grey St" where Dave Matthews says that the song was originally inspired by the poet Anne Sexton and how her depression eventually led to her taking her life. In addition to that, this quote also to has other meanings such as an encouragement to all who struggle on the day to day. Don't be discouraged with your life, but take from it what you're able to. Dream, and turn those dreams into realities.

The 3rd quote is one of their greatest in my opinion. A true soothsayer's guide to life, if you will. If you live a life of not giving then life will give nothing in return. In other words, you only get what you put in. Kind of like a savings account.

SSRI's Have More Benefits As Well As More Side Effects

From the 1960's to the late 1980's, the development of antidepressants remained fairly stagnant. Every few years a new antidepressant would be introduced, but always with major accompanying side effects. Some medications were sedating while others were stimulating. None could treat the depression without causing side effects of one type or another.

Scientists spent twenty years developing and testing compounds problems, including impotence and an inability to achieve orgasm. Among women, nearly 2 percent reported difficulty achieving orgasm. In the Zoloft trials 16 percent of men and 2 percent of women had sexual problems. However, these data are likely to be grossly underestimated if the same discrepancies hold true for these drugs as they did for Prozac. Based on my own patients' experience, I think all the SSRI's cause approximately the same level of sexual dysfunction as Prozac does, although Paxil may be the worst offender.

Despite the manufacturers' initial findings that Prozac and other SSRI's don't cause weight gain, researchers, clinicians, and patients have been indicating just the opposite. Research is still trickling in, but reports are indicating that people who take SSRI's for longer than three to six months frequently gain weight. This may explain the initial clinical data, which found that people lost weight during the first six weeks they were on SSRI's. In fact, Eli Lilly considered seeking approval of Prozac as a treatment for obesity based on its initial clinical trials.

Physicians were taken aback when they began to see weight gain in their patients on SSRI's. One researcher described the phenomenon as "completely unexpected" and stated, "We would be remiss if we do not inform our patients that weight gain may be associated with the use of fluoxetine [Prozac]." A study, published in the International Clinics of Psychopharmacology, found that 23 to 40 percent of psychiatric inpatients gained weight after two months of treatment with Prozac. Many of my patients have more intense carbohydrate cravings, probably the result of several mechanisms altered by the SSRI's. Others find that they simply gain weight more easily. Although more research is needed, I've found a definite link between weight gain and SSRI's in my patients.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors can have varying effects on sleep, ranging from insomnia to hypersomnia (excessive need for sleep). Some SSRI's (Prozac, Zoloft) are more likely to cause insomnia, while others (Pax ii, Celexa, Luvox) are more likely to cause hypersomnia, but because we are all wired a bit differently, the effects may be completely opposite in some people. For example, SSRI's may either alleviate or cause tension or migraine headaches. Prozac and Zoloft in particular can have a stimulant effect, causing agitation, nervousness, or anxiety in 10 to 15 percent of patients. An additional one in five patients on SSRI's (most commonly Paxil or Luvox) may feel drowsy or drugged. At least 5 percent of people stop taking their medication because of this side effect.

Since the vast majority of serotonin production in the body is related to the gastrointestinal tract, it is not surprising that all of the SSRI's can cause digestive disturbances, such as nausea and diarrhea. As an example, Prozac can cause nausea (in 21.1 percent of patients), diarrhea (12.3 percent), dry mouth (9.5 percent), indigestion (6.4 percent), abdominal pain (3.4 percent), and vomiting (2.4 percent). This class of drugs can also cause excessive sweating, skin rashes, abnormal dreams, and seizures (in about 0.2 percent of patients, which is about the average rate as far as most antidepressants go, with the exception of Wellbutrin-immediate release form, but not sustained release form-and Anafranil, which carry a higher risk, and Desyrel and Serzone, which do not increase seizure risk at all). Although SSRI's are much better tolerated than older antidepressants, it is clear that they're a far cry from side-effect free miracle drugs.

Find Out How To Combat Depression With a Super Food

What I am going to tell you about this specific super food is based on research and studies done by some of the foremost scientists in this area of plant nutrition and medicine. Dr James Duke author of "The Green Pharmacy" and other books on rainforest botanical medicine is one such expert who has done numerous studies on the camu camu berry. This little grape size berry that grows in the Amazon Rainforest is know to be a natural anti-depressant.

One of the causes of depression is an imbalance of the nervous system. This is actually one of the most common causes of depression, an under nourished nervous system can be a direct cause of depression. Of coarse the allopathic western medical model will say that this is an imbalance in the brain and that a drug prescription is the solution.

The Camu Camu Berry has an ability to create an uptake of serotonin levels in the brain, this hormone is responsible for making you feel good. You gain a better sense of well being. This can off set the effects of depression. As an antidepressant the camu camu berry is known to help you change not only your mood and sense of well being but also the nourishment level of your nervous system.

People who are lacking in basic nutrition often exhibit signs of depression, your whole body is at a low ebb when your are under nourished. Your body does not run well without the right combination and quality of nutrition. This goes for your mental state as well.

Have you heard of people who are depressed and they don't really know why? Chronic clinical depression is not emotionally based or life event based. Since most traditional western doctors or pychologists look to a brain dysfunction or chemical imbalance and not to a potential nutritional imbalance they just offer a pharmaceutical drug to chase the symptoms away. This does not heal the root cause of this type of depression.

There is clear evidence and studies that point to the effectiveness of super foods like the camu camu berry for not only a natural remedy for the symptoms but also to rebalance and heal the root cause.

The Camu Camu berry naturally supports an increase in the serotonin level in the body. Serotonin is a hormone that works in the brain to elevate your mood and make you a happier person. It is the vitamin C in the camu berry that support this uptake in serotonin level. The camu berry has the highest naturally occurring content of vitamin C of any know plant.

This mood balancing capability makes the camu a valuable aid for people with depression. Because it has so many other positive benefits for human health it is considered a true super natural food.

Natural nutritionally based products are often put down? or not considered seriously for depression by the mainstream allopathic medical establishment and so people often are unaware that there are effective natural food based solutions for depression.

Eating the camu camu berry daily either in a powder form that you hydrate into a bottle of water or it can also be found in a concentrated liquid form. In some places in the world it is found in fruit drinks, smoothies and even mixed into a soda like beverages.

The best way to get the most direct benefit from the camu is to consume it pure from a producer that carefully dries and packs the camu powder in a individual serving packets so the camu powder does not loose nutritional potency by being exposed to the air.

Are You Crazy!

Has anyone ever said that to you? Well, I sure have. And my response?

Yep, and I've got a piece of paper to prove it! Imagine that. I've got a legitimate excuse to behave the way I do. That's right. I went to the doctor and an hour later walked out with bipolar disorder. Talk about a blow to the head. Just freaking great. What in the hell do I do now?

I want to set something straight right away. There's a big difference between 'being' something and 'having' something. Who you are is not what you have. Let me say that again - YOU ARE NOT YOUR DISORDER!

But let's face it, there's a big, yes huge, stigmatism that comes along with this diagnosis. People label things they do not understand or are afraid of. Every time someone in Hollywood does something stupid, the first thing people do to explain, or rationalize, their behavior is to say they must be bipolar. This really pisses me off. It's a load of crap. Get it right people! Everyone does stupid things. Quit blaming your ignorance on my disease!

I, too, did not understand at first. But as is my nature, I sure was going to figure this thing out. I started by educating myself. Learning the facts and not buying into the myths, the first of which was realizing being bipolar has really nothing to do with being crazy at all. Although it's classified as a mental illness, bipolar disorder, which is the exact same thing as manic-depression, is a series of highs and lows. It's an emotional thing. In simple terms, it's a roller coaster of feeling huge amounts of energy, euphoria and happiness (the 'manic'), to the complete opposite, the feeling of extreme physical fatigue and very sad to the point that it's literally debilitating (the 'depression'). Yet it's anything but simple. The hallmark of manic-depression is instability. Gee, unstable. Thanks but no thanks.

Emotions cannot be cured, but they can be managed. That's right. YOU are the manager. YOU are the one in control of the levers, the emotions. It is imperative to your health that you gain this control. And the sooner you start believing and doing this, the better off you will be and the easier your life will become. You will be able to start and stop the roller coaster, keep it from going out of control and tap into it's creativity. And I'm not saying this is just going to magically happen overnight. Believe me, it doesn't. It's an ongoing process. Every single day is a challenge. People may laugh, but it might be something as simple as getting dressed for the day. Most people will never understand what you go through because they don't 'live' it. But I do. And I know it's anything but easy.

But have faith and know there is hope. You can turn your curse into a blessing. When I was first diagnosed 13 years ago, I wanted to crawl into a whole and die. I didn't know what I was going to do. Sometimes I still don't. But what I know now is that I wouldn't trade it or who I am for the world. You see, I have discovered the flip side of my disease - along with the challenges and really bad stuff comes a whole lot of abilities, gifts and great stuff. That's right, amazing things no one else can do. Bet you didn't know that. So smile and embrace your crazy. It belongs only to you.

How Do You Know If You Have Bipolar Disorder?

Do You Have Bipolar Disorder?

Do you ever feel like you've had 20 energy drinks and 4 cups of coffee and have so much energy you cannot sleep or even keep your thoughts clear, without actually drinking any? Does this mood usually last about every day up to 2 weeks? Does this mood disrupt your work, school or even home life? Maybe you're the opposite and become depressed or saddened without any apparent reason, you have no motivation to do anything resulting in restlessness and irritability. These "episodes" define bipolar disorder, a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and sometimes the ability to carry out everyday tasks.

What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder is categorized as severe mood swings, ranging from mania to depression.

Mania: A person experiencing mania may feel immortal or full of energy. This person would be so excited for no reason, they would have thoughts of grandeur or thinking they are invincible or be so excited they would only be able to sleep for a couple hours or may not even sleep for days. Other times, that person may be irritable that a simple "hello, how are you?" may set them off the edge and arguments result.

Hypomania: A milder form of mania is called hypomania, which people may experience the same symptoms without the negative effect on their everyday life. In many cases the lack of sleep and motivation to do everything at once gets them ahead at work or school.

Depression: A person experiencing depression may feel so saddened they begin crying for no reason or so guilty over things that don't even concern them. In more severe cases, the lack of energy to do everyday things may isolate them from friends or family, interfere with their job and could even lead to thoughts of suicide. Depression is a much more likely episode to occur than a manic mood, which makes it all the more dangerous.

Mixed: A person experiencing mixed episode will feel depressed or severely saddened while having enough energy to run a triathlon. This episode may affect someone's appetite or sleeping patterns. The mixed episode is much more uncommon in many bipolar disorder cases.

Causes of Bipolar Disorder

The causes of bipolar disorder are not certain. Many experts have come to believe that there are many factors. The first is believed to be a chemical imbalance in the brain which is controlled by neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine, a stress hormone, which contributes to bipolar disorder. When these levels are too high, mania is the result. When these levels are abnormally low, depression is the result.
Another key factor in discovering the cause of bipolar disorder is genetics. If a person has a family history of bipolar disorder, they may be at risk. The biggest risk is for the identical twin of a person suffering from bipolar disorder. The risk does not occur because of one gene, but multiple genetic and environmental factors. In other cases, a period of heightened stress (mainly emotional), drug use, and an illness with no association to bipolar disorder may trigger the onset of an episode.

The picture above shows three different brain scans. The top is a "normal" or "typical" brain. There are moderate levels of activity. The second is a hypomanic brain scan, or someone experiencing hypomania. There are endless amounts of activity occurring in all different parts of the brain, which is congruent with the racing thoughts of a manic episode. The bottom is a depressed brain scan, which shows the lowers levels of brain activity.

Not everyone with severe mood swings or severe changes in one's personality has bipolar disorder. In order to get the right diagnosis, one must seek medical care. Many other psychiatric conditions mimic bipolar disorder such as panic disorders, phobias, drug use, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), schizoaffective disorder or schizophrenia.

2 Types of Bipolar Disorder

• Bipolar I is defined by manic or mixed episodes that last at least seven days. More than often, the person also has depressive episodes, typically lasting at minimum of two weeks. These episodes are irrelevant to any changes in the person's life, which means the symptoms must be a definite change in one's behavior, not a change in their lifestyle to make them feel manic or depressed.

• Bipolar II is very different from bipolar I, it is defined by episodes of mild depression that shift back and forth with hypomania. This means there is no extreme manic behavior, only hypomania, a less severe manic episode.

Risk Factors

The biggest risk factor when one has bipolar disorder is substance abuse. Those who have mixed episodes are at higher risk for substance abuse, because the need to feel balanced is not being met and they would do anything in order to make the mixed emotions stop. Some drugs that are considered "downers" help relieve the symptoms of an episode, only to create more problems later. For example, when a person is experiencing a depression episode, drugs such as methamphetamine and cocaine send them into a manic episode, many times followed by a severe depression and other psychotic symptoms while alcohol and tranquilizers send them into a depression episode.

Anybody close to the person diagnosed bipolar disorder who is using drugs needs to be extra cautious. When a person is using drugs and is experiencing an episode, they are not themselves and may be considered very dangerous, especially when the drugs wear off and psychotic symptoms begin to show. This can range anywhere from delusions, such as: "I think they're out to get me," to blaming others around them for not helping them. It is advised that those associated with a person suffering from bipolar disorder to consider this as their cry for help and assist them in treatment as soon as possible.

Triggers for Episodes
• Stress is the main trigger for offsetting an episode. This can be a positive or negative change in someone's life such as moving, getting fired, getting married, or a divorce. Should any severe changes happen in a person's life who suffers from bipolar disorder, extra care and support may be necessary in order to ensure a successful transition.

• As stated, substance abuse is also a main trigger for offsetting an episode. While some who suffer from bipolar disorder may choose to turn to drugs in order to "cure" themselves, some may already be suffering from substance abuse. Any drugs such as cocaine or ecstasy may send them into a manic episode while downers such as alcohol may send them into a depression episode.

Treatments for Bipolar Disorder
While there is no cure for bipolar disorder yet, there are various ways to treat the symptoms and prevent episodes. Most help begins when medical treatment is enacted. There are many forms of counseling available, from group counseling to individual counseling. Cognitive therapy teaches the individual how to understand their disorder and how to make changes in their life through thought and behavior patterns. If someone suffering from bipolar disorder work 60 hours a week and goes to the bar to feel better every day after work, the cognitive therapist would see this as a road to a depression episode and would help the individual to see and change this behavior. Family therapy has also proven to be a strong way to support loved ones suffering from this disorder. For many individuals with bipolar disorder, they feel alone and hopeless. When family or friends show that they are not alone and want to help them understand and deal with their disorder, the support alone shows to improve their chances for a better lifestyle. These therapies help when the person wants help. As with anything, if help and the desire to better oneself are not present, it makes it very difficult to help that individual.

Medications have also proven to be a good treatment for those who suffer from bipolar disorder. Lithium is the most common treatment for bipolar disorder. Lithium is basically sodium. Sodium affects excitation or mania, lithium helps stabilize the flow of lithium through their body. Although lithium has been used for years, half the people who have bipolar disorder and take lithium do not respond. An alternative to taking lithium is Divalproex sodium or more commonly known as Depakote, which also controls the levels of sodium in their body. Olanzapine is also found to be very effective. It is an antipsychotic medication that works by changing the actions of chemicals in the brain. Olanzapine is also more commonly known as Zyprexa. Although antidepressant medication has been shown to help they should be taken with a mood-stabilizer medication during depressive episodes since they trigger mania.

It is very important to talk with a doctor before choosing to take any medications listed above. All medications have side effects, depending on a person's body chemistry; some side effects may be more severe than others.

To Thine Own Self Be True

Shakespeare's quote, To thine own self be true encapsulates all that is currently popular from eastern philosophy, spiritualism, psychology to Tolle, Chopra, Dyer, Williamson, Thich Nhat Hahn, and Wilbur. In essence I could stop with this first sentence and let you, the reader dwell and internalize that.

So much of Western society is caught up in looking outside of the self to see who we are. We focus on the one-up-man-ship of the world built on a foundation of sand, forever giving way and causing all who stand there to reel at the constant sense of sinking and instability. Most are caught up on gaining credibility on what one has and what one does, rather than the deeper inside sense of self. For example, men never ask one another who someone is, they ask what do you do? From this point or should I say posture, the competition is on to see who wins the prize of having/being more. The bumper sticker that encapsulates this is, He who dies with the most toys wins. This has always somewhat baffling to me, as I just thought that meant you were dead. If all this were the truth, Shakespeare would have re-framed his quote to say, To their own sense of self be true. To live from outside to in means you are at the whim of whatever direction the wind blows with regard to acceptance, inclusion, credibility, self-esteem, value, and worth.

To thine own self.... means exactly that. We must look at our inner barometer of who we are for ourselves. It means to search the recesses of our core sense of self where depth really lies and ferret out our true inner nature as we believe it and own it. true means that as we own the depth of our true nature, and in realizing that, stay true to that self and our path.

Now none of this is particularly easy. I say to those I work with that the path is not easy, but glorious. What I mean by this is getting our egos out of the way, and healing our inner child wounds that make up our psychological DNA, i.e., our learned mis-beliefs of self, which we subconsciously act out on a regular basis is no small accomplishment. In fact, we never really heal them totally, but we can make great strides to clean our emotional houses. But as we do this, oh so necessary inner work, we begin to remember the divine empowered being that has been hidden from us. In reclaiming our true essence we get centered in who we are and begin to live in the greatness of our being. In this truth, we can stand strong and clear walking a very different walk of clarity and decisiveness. This in and of itself, reinforces inner worth and value that out shines any of ways we have held self worth and value before. To own oneself from the inside out is the very core of being grounded, respectful, compassionate, humble, and empowered. In this truth of self as the Zen parable goes, They shoot arrows but they find no target. We are no longer available to others scrutiny, judgments, rumors, sarcasms, denigrations, pettiness, or jibes. They simple are no longer important as we no longer validate ourselves from outside in. Where that wind blows is of no consequence to us as it is not the origin of our self definition or worth.

To thine own self be true now takes on a whole different meaning with regards to how we see and define ourselves because the rules of self have been altered. The Maharishi was quoted as saying, 'I love you and it is none of your business.' Simply meaning that the feelings I have for you are mine and mine alone and I do not say them with an attachment to what you are going to do, feel, or say about them. I am being the quintessential me, completely true to that entity and nothing else is relevant.

Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Do I Have Parkinson's? Article 2: Differential Diagnosis and the Neurologist

As was discussed in the 1st article of this three-part series, neurologists who face a patient with possible Parkinson's have no definitive test: no scans, no blood tests or spinal taps with which to base their diagnosis. Parkinson's disease is what is referred to as a "clinical diagnosis." This means that the decision as to whether or not a patient truly has Parkinson's requires an extensive face to face interaction with a neurologist. That meeting usually involves a thorough history-taking or interview, and a comprehensive physical examination. Although very often videotaping or other aids are used, the diagnosis totally depends on the clinical acumen of the neurologist as he/she investigates what the patient presents in word and on exam.

To sum up the approach very briefly, while interviewing and examining the patient, the neurologist creates a running list of possibilities in his/her head. This list is called the "differential diagnosis," often referred to a just the "differential." A good neurologist much like a good detective, keeps adjusting, refining the differential as if it were a list of suspects. He/she redirects the line of questioning and the focus of the physical exam based on ruling in and ruling out suspects.

Each of the findings helps the neurologist to continuously reshuffle and re-prioritize the differential. As the list narrows to just a few possibilities, he/she will ask further questions and refine the examination. Then the patient is sent for tests that might rule out other possibilities. For instance, patients get a brain CT or MRI not to diagnose Parkinson's but to rule out larger structural causes that might mimic Parkinson's symptoms like a brain tumor or even multiple sclerosis. Often an electrical stimulation and measurement of nerve response in an affected limb called an EMG (electromyogram) is done to rule out local nerve injury as another cause.

If everything points to Parkinson's the patient is given a trial of a drug that either replaces or mimics dopamine. If the patient shows improvement then everyone can be pretty certain it's Parkinson's

The point is that there is no single protocol or textbook pathway to making the diagnosis. Though the neurologist follows a formal structure to cover all the so-called bases, the specifics of that path highly depend upon the findings along the way, which guide each next step within that structure.

Early Parkinson's can be difficult to diagnose because it presents differently in every patient, and often with symptoms that can easily be dismissed as minor like a small persistent twitching, sleepiness, a minor tremor, and even depression or anxiety attacks.

A typical story everyone has either experienced or heard of is that one or two of the ten common early warning symptoms (Part 1) show up and on that first visit to a neurologist the twitching pinky finger (in Michael J. Fox's case) or in my own, new-onset depression, either get dismissed or symptomatically treated. I was given an antidepressant and when a tremor developed it was dismissed as a side effect of the antidepressant. It was not until I was completely unable to play piano and had inordinate difficulty writing, both from severe slowing in my right hand, that I was then fully worked up.

In either case, mine or Mr. Fox's, nobody made a mistake or missed anything important. It's just that for instance any one or two of the ten warning signs can be interpreted as due to other causes, and usually is.

Review of early symptoms:

  1. Tremor or shaking greater on one side

  2. Small handwriting

  3. Loss of smell

  4. Trouble sleeping

  5. Trouble/stiffness in moving or walking

  6. Constipation

  7. Soft or Low Voice

  8. Loss of facial expression, "masked facies"

  9. Dizziness and fainting

  10. Stooping or hunching over

I have added two more to this list:

  1. EDS (excessive daytime sleepiness) or fatigue

  2. New-onset psychiatric disorder (usually depression or anxiety attacks)

Once PD is suspected, a host of other diseases and conditions need to be considered and ruled out. That's where the so called "differential diagnosis" list comes in. Each differential list is slightly different depending on what the patient presents to the neurologist and in admiration to neurology as a specialty, these lists can initially be quite large. Ruling out all the other causes on the list before PD reaches the top requires a solid working knowledge of each list item and how it is diagnosed.

Other lab tests and scans are used to rule out other causes but ultimately, Parkinson's disease is a clinical diagnosis with the most essential "test" being that first old-fashioned face to face discussion with, and physical exam by a seasoned neurologist.


A 42 year old woman, a cello player in the local symphony, presents to the neurologist complaining of tremor in her right hand and difficulty manipulating the bow while playing. Sadly she has been politely asked to "take a break" from her job with the symphony until she gets adequately evaluated. She has also become quite depressed over the incident. She says the tremor actually goes away when she's playing but it feels like the bow is "caught on something" and so she cannot sweep it across the strings as swiftly.

Here's a sample starting differential diagnosis for someone presenting with a persistent tremor of the right hand. Although the fact that the tremor occurs at rest and goes away with movement, and especially combined with the fact that it occurs only on the right side elevates PD to #1 on the list.

Sample differential diagnosis list for Parkinson's (remember that the neurologist must have extensive working knowledge of how each of these presents):

  1. Parkinson's Disease

  2. Essential tremor (a nonspecific tremor of unknown cause and which does not get worse)

  3. Brain Tumor: she will have to have a CT scan or MRI scan of the brain

  4. Damage to the nerves in the arm in the affected side by trauma or multiple sclerosis(MS). She will likely undergo EMG nerve evaluation of the right arm.

  5. Other degenerative neurologic diseases, a long sub-list, details of which I shall skip:
    • Benign familial tremor

    • Dominant SCA (Spinal Cerebellar ataxia)

    • Cerebellar ataxia

    • Olivopontocerebellar degeneration

    • Familial Basal ganglion calcification (Fahr's syndrome)

    • Alzheimer's syndrome

    • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    • Dementia, Lewy-body type

    • Parkinsonism-dementia complex

    • Progressive supranuclear palsy

    • Cerebellar degeneration, subacute

    • Shy-Drager syndrome

    • Striatonigral degeneration

    • Corticobasal Degeneration syndromes

    • Frontotemporal dementia

  6. Lesions of the basal ganglia where the brain controls movement by stroke/hemorrhage

  7. Lyme disease

  8. Drugs (her primary doctor put her on nortriptyline for depression)

    • Antipsychotic medications
    • Antidepressants

    • Lithium

    • Amphetamines

    • Cocaine

    • MPTP (a byproduct of bad practices in making Ecstasy that can induce a parkinson's like syndrome after a single dose)

  9. Alcohol or narcotic withdrawal

  10. Alcoholic brain degeneration

After performing a directed interview and examination, her neurologist utilized his own fund of knowledge and experience, and did not think she showed features of any of the other degenerative diseases listed.

On physical exam and observation he noticed that she would swing her right arm less when walking down the hallway. She even slightly dragged her right foot.

He had her copy some sentences out of a medical text. It took her a long time and the writing was very small.

When he held her arm and moved it at the wrist and elbow he could feel a ratcheting rather than smooth passive movement (known as "cogwheeling", a classic PD sign).

She denied any drug history and rarely consumes alcohol.

She's from San Diego where Lyme-carrying deer ticks don't flourish.

An MRI scan of her brain was normal so there's no brain tumor or evidence or stroke/hemorrhage, and no defects suggestive of MS. Parkinson's generally yields a very normal brain scan. Some research techniques that use radioactive dopamine-like compounds can reveal a defect however they are not generally available, and unnecessary as we see here that the diagnosis can be adequately made without it.

Her EMG nerve exam showed normal nerve function in the affected arm.

Finally, and extremely important in establishing Parkinson's as her diagnosis, he placed her on a drug that mimics dopamine and examined her a week later. She showed almost none of the previous findings on that second visit after a week on the drug.

At that point the neurologist was certain it was PD and gently broke the news to her.

Trying to Work With Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is, without a doubt, an affective mood disorder that brings true misery to many millions of individuals. What is it about bipolar that makes it so bad? As a playwright once wrote, let me count the ways.

Bipolar disorder, like major depression and dysthymia (a milder form of depression), involves feelings of sadness and depression. However, there's more to the condition than depressive episodes. As the name suggests, bipolar disorder involves two separate poles. The second pole involves manic episodes and behavior and what makes the condition so difficult to deal with and treat is the fact that mood cycling will cause an affected person's moods to alternate between manic and depressive states.

Bipolar patients, as they cycle between poles, will find themselves experiencing feelings of mania and euphoria, only to later experience depression, guilt, and feelings of worthlessness. And what makes the condition especially difficult is the fact that, at either pole, a bipolar person may experience sleep deprivation (though in the depressive state, an individual may desire to do nothing other than sleep).

Difficulty in the area of maintaining normal sleep cycles is one of the chief impediments facing a bipolar patient who desires to work and hold a job since, generally, inadequate periods of deep level sleep will invariably lead to an erosion of the ability to maintain sustained attention and concentration. Brain fogginess as a result of sleep problems can result in on-the-job mistakes, something employers are not typically fond of. Making matters worse, when continued sleep difficulties lead to exhaustion and collapse, repeat work absences may result. Unfortunately, again, for the bipolar person, few employers are comfortable with work absences that exceed two days per month.

Bipolar disorder would be difficult enough to deal with were it not for the various other conditions that come with the impairment. What are those conditions? For starters, altered perceptions and thinking that can progress to the level of delusions and even hallucinatory experiences. Bipolar persons are also sometimes subject to suicidal ideations that may be present in a depressive or manic episode. And then, of course, there are the other behaviors that tend to be viewed as indicative of low character: irritability, fits of anger, self-destructive behavior, and attempts to self-medicate through the use of illicit substances that may, later, turn to addiction.

However, the chief obstacle faced by a bipolar individual may be himself, or herself, particularly if they refuse to seek treatment, or are inconsistent with regard to treatment compliance. In such instances, the importance of having a solid support infrastructure composed of family and/or friends is paramount.

Can a person with bipolar disorder work? Yes, of course, but the ability to successfully maintain regular employment will, most likely, be impaired, perhaps to the point where long-term self-sufficiency is so adversely challenged as to be nearly impossible.

Identifying Depression and Its Effects

With the amount of stress facing people today it is no wonder that cases of diagnosed depression are on the rise. It seems like every time you turn on the television you can find a commercial for some new type of antidepressant. From fluoxetine which is marketed by Eli Lilly and Co as Prozac to paroxetine which is sold as Paxil by GlaxoSmithKline, the market is awash with a huge number of different medications used to treat depression.

There is just one problem with this. How do you know if what you are suffering from is depression or something more serious? Knowing how to identify depression can take you a good way toward finding a suitable treatment. Keep in mind that depression varies from one person to the next. No two people will have the same set of symptoms. These can vary in number, type, and severity.

One of the most recognized signs of depression are persistent feelings of sadness or anxiousness. Many people will describe a feeling of hollowness or emptiness. Oftentimes these feelings will be accompanied by extended periods of irritability or even restlessness. People close to you may feel alienated by the sudden outbursts that can go along with such periods.

Other feelings that may accompany depression include helplessness or hopelessness as well as worthlessness. Sufferers may also have unexplainable feelings of guilt and may always seem to have a pessimistic outlook. Weight changes can be an overlooked side effect of depression.

People suffering from depression may tend to experience rapid weight loss or gain through the changes depression can have on their appetite. These appetite changes may be accompanied by increased feelings of sluggishness or fatigue. This drop in energy can take place whether or not you have experienced a weight change.

If you suffer from depression you may find yourself sleeping less and less. It is also possible that you may tend to have periods of oversleeping as well. You may feel like it is difficult to get out of bed let alone try to go through your normal routine. You may find that things that you once enjoyed, such as certain activities or hobbies, now seem to hold no interest for you.

There are some symptoms of depression that may not be recognized as such. These include issues such as chronic headaches or pain and trouble making decisions or concentrating. They can even include digestive troubles. All such issues should be reported to your health care provider so that a proper course of action can be instituted. Untreated depression can lead to a great deal of other health issues. From heart trouble to diabetes and beyond, these issues can be just as life threatening as depression itself.

Depression is a normal human condition from time to time when faced with stressful situations. The problems come in when these conditions last for extended periods of time. This leads to a long term depressive state which can be quite dangerous to your health. Never ignore these periods of depression as they can easily get out of hand. They are a serious issue and should be addressed as such. If you find yourself or a loved one is having thoughts of dying or of suicide then contact a health care provider immediately. Do not let things escalate to the point of an actual suicide attempt before you seek treatment.

Overcoming Depression - Try These Simple Steps

Many people in the world suffer from depression. It can be dangerous if proper treatments are not administered on time. There are several causes for this condition. It is a condition where a person can feel very sad, have a pessimistic attitude, lose hope and feel down all the time. It is a common situation because everyone does not have the strength to overcome sorrow and loss. People who have a history of depression in the family are more likely to suffer from this debilitating condition.

Some other symptoms which accompany this condition include low concentration, anxiety, negative thoughts, feeling worthless, loss of appetite and becoming less productive. Overcoming depression can be a difficult task. However, it can be very useful to reduce the severity of the symptoms. There are different levels of depression which cause different types of symptoms also. For overcoming the condition you have to first understand that it is possible to overcome the situation by taking some important steps.

Always think positively and look at the good side of things. Think of the good things in life which can happen to you in the future and keep your mind occupied with such thoughts. This will help you to ward off the negative feelings and thoughts. Also remember that you are not alone. There are numerous people across the world suffering from this problem. If required you can seek medical help.

However, there are some who feel that using medical help is not very useful. They are looking for more effective ways of overcoming depression. Another method which can be very effective is talk therapy. Talk to people you know, especially your friends and relatives, who are ready to listen to you discuss your problems. Sharing your problems with someone you know is a great way of providing relief to you.

Quite often, depression is the result of minor problems which can be easily sorted out by talking. Maybe your friend could suggest a simple remedy which you hadn't thought of. A simple way to deal with depression is to find the cause and the solution to the problems by thinking it over carefully. Many times, you will be able to come across solutions to your problems when you keep thinking about them. So you can work out something mentally and find a healthy solution to reduce the symptoms.

At the same time, change your food habits and try to consume a healthy and balanced diet. Drink a lot of water and do workouts regularly. When your mind is occupied with these thoughts you will not have time to think of your problems. This is a very effective method for overcoming depression. Engage yourself in some kind of useful activity, keep your mind fully occupied and shun negative thoughts.

Is There a Link Between Depression and Provigil?

Depression and Provigil are two words you might hear together after recent depression studies. The studies showed that the medication can be used to treat depression where the patient has been previously treated nearly successfully with antidepressants and where the patient suffers from tiredness.

One of the most common symptoms of depression is fatigue, so it isn't unusual that scientists decided to try and connect provigil and depression. After all, provigil is used to treat extreme sleepiness such as in narcolepsy (the sleeping disease). It has also proved its usefulness treating the weariness that so often accompanies depression, but in combination with an antidepressant therapy.

Many treatments for the sleepiness caused by depression react badly with antidepressants, but provigil combines well with most majorly used prescription medications used for treating depression. The side effects may be present with or without a companion antidepressant, however.

Depression and provigil may not be ideal bedfellows. The side effects of the medication include headaches and nervousness which may actually worsen the symptoms of depression. Depression and provigil are an increasingly popular combo that doctors love because it makes their patients more alert and active. Instead of spending the day sleeping off the depression, they are able to get up and do things, which is a step in the right direction, however medicated you are.

Provigil has other more severe side effects as well, which may mean that depression and provigil are not meant to be. Symptoms such as nausea and infections have been reported. While headaches might be tolerated, anxiety and nervousness are less likely to be chalked up to the good of the medicine.

Insomnia is another unpleasant effect that may result from combining provigil and depression. Most depression patients do not tolerate insomnia well, since it gives them too much time to think about being depressed and how bad life is, one of the primary reasons depressives sleep so much.

Instead of combining Provigil and depression, some patients are turning to more natural methods of reducing sleepiness. Herbs such as hops and ginkgo biloba not only reduce the likelihood of sleep disorders, they also promote mental clarity and alertness. Ginkgo biloba has also been linked to stress reduction resulting in a drop in anxiety levels, the opposite effect of depression and provigil.

Valerian root extract is another natural treatment for sleep disorders and is useful for treating depression-related sleep problems. Combined with Siberian ginseng (a natural stimulant) and the other herbs mentioned above, it is a powerful natural method of treating sleep issues. Use of herbs to treat depression nearly eliminates the need for the combination of depression and provigil.

While doctors will always prescribe medications such as provigil in an attempt to relieve the assorted symptoms of depression, the side effects can be overwhelming. For this reason, many victims of depression are exploring their options, looking for alternative methods of relief. For some, a good supplement that combines the above mentioned herbs along with vitamins and minerals essential to mental health is the answer they are looking for.

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Depression Symptoms Varies Across Age Groups

Depression symptoms can show up in every person on the planet. No matter what sex or culture a person comes from they can still suffer from a depressive disorder. Even medical professionals must remember that depression affects everyone differently.

For example, a woman who has just had a child will display depression differently than an elderly man. If one keeps these differences in mind, than the symptoms may become easier to spot.

One group of people who will display various depression symptoms are teens. Teen depression is a serious illness that can lead to suicide if not caught and treated correctly.

Parents need to be fully aware of how a teenager displays their depression. A child may seem overly hostile or complain of unexplained aches and pains such as a continuous headache or a stomach ache.

If the child is taken to the doctor and nothing can be found physically wrong, a parent must then make sure that the doctor does a thorough mental examination. Parents must stay involved in a child's life to ensure that depression stays at bay.

One age group that is growing in today's world and who more frequently are experiencing depression symptoms are the elderly. As adults grow older, they usually have a difficult time coping with what is happening around them.

As they age they may be losing loved ones, dealing with limited independence, and increasing health problems. One thing to remember is that this illness is not the norm when it comes to aging. Complaints about their physical health will usually take precedence over their mental health issues, and this can lead to depression symptoms going unnoticed.

If a person is having continuous poor health, then a doctor must be seen. In the elderly especially, early diagnosis and treatment are very important to avoid suicide.

When looking at the various depression symptoms, another important factor to take into account is whether the patient is a male or a female. Women are twice as more likely to experience such illness than men. Women will experience symptoms such as feelings of guilt, excessive sleeping, overeating, and weight gain.

Men on the other had have a harder time expressing their emotional issues, so their symptoms will be completely different than women. Men will complain about fatigue, loss of interest in work or hobbies, and they may feel an increase in anger which can lead to violence. Because of the different symptoms, the treatment for this mental illness varies for the sexes.

By knowing the depression symptoms that different groups of people display, family and medical professionals can better deal with the depressive disorder. Depression is an illness that is very treatable if only it is caught in time.

If a person who is afflicted with the disease does not seek help, then suicide can be the devastating outcome. Those with depression do not have to suffer in silence.

Cures For Depression That Everyone Can Use

Millions of people all over the world suffer from depression. If you think that you are one of these people, or if you have been diagnosed with depression, there are several treatment options available. Cures for depression range from self help to medication. The symptoms that you have will determine what strategy is used to help you.

While treatment is available in a variety of forms, the first step in recovery is admitting that you suffer from depression.

Antidepressants and therapy is the most sought after treatment. The medication helps the person feel good enough to be able to work on the problem that is causing the depression.

The medications available include: Antidepressants, anxiety medication, SSRI, antipsychotic medication and anticonvulsants. Medication is mainly a short term solution.

Therapy treatment includes the following: Talk therapy, ECT, light, nerve, magnetic and cognitive behavior therapy.

For those who do not want medication or to see doctors, there are self help books. Self esteem, living in the present, things you are grateful for, inspiring quotes and affirmation are some of the subjects available.

Natural approaches are also used. Herbs, exercise, meditation and aromatherapy are an option.

With depression, the first step is admitting there is a problem.

If you can come up with reasons that you are unhappy, you are creating conditions on your happiness.

The problem here is that you feel that once these conditions are met, you will be happy. That is not true. Once you meet those conditions, you are likely to create a new set of conditions to base your happiness on. Try to be happy while you are working towards your goal.

Curing depression is possible with the right kind of help. Boosting your self esteem and confidence is important in your recovery.

Pointers to guide you along your way include: Being true to yourself, let go of the past, live in the present, focus on the good things and not the bad, allow yourself to move on, works towards improving self esteem and confidence and make a list of everything that you are thankful for.

Suffering from depression makes happiness seem unattainable. If your depression is not caused by a chemical imbalance, you should know that there are steps you can take to try to fight your depression.

Look at your life right now. Surely you can find things that you are grateful for, even if it is something as small as having a roof over your head or food in your stomach. Write these things down on paper and remember them. These items can bring comfort which sometimes can alter your mood.

Find enjoyment in the moment. Let the past and future worries go and live in the moment. Figure out what it is about that moment that brings you a small sense of pleasure. Doing this will help you forget about the past and the future.

Life is full of What ifs. What if you get the job, make a friend or nothing bad happens? Focus on positive possibilities. Over time, negative thinking will fade away and be replaced with positive thinking.

Find something good about every situation.

Here are some examples. I hate my job but at least the hours are flexible. He talks excessively but at least he is truthful. This reinforces positive thinking. Depression makes everything dark. This method can aid in bringing a little ray of light into the darkness.

Realize that there are somethings that you are not able to do. With depression, it is not that you cannot do it; it is more likely that you simply do not want to do it. Figure out why you do not want to do it. Then start correcting yourself and you will see positive results.

Once you realize that there are things in life that you can or cannot change and act to change the ones you can, the happier you will be. Doing this will ease the grip that depression has on your life.

Look for the light at the end of the tunnel. Imagine what it is going to be like when things get better. As long as you believe it is possible, you can make it happen. Most of the time, the only thing stopping us from achieving our goal, is ourselves.

These tried and true methods may not cure all depression; but, learning to implement them in your life will definitely help in the battle. You can be happy and overcome depression. Remember that you are not alone in your fight. Millions suffer every day and most recover so can you.

Sigmund Freud - The Man Who Popularized the Concept of Psycho Analysis

Every one would agree that human beings are the ones who rule the earth. But, when it comes to an individual, it is understood that a human being behaves to a particular situation as per the dictates of his mind. Based upon the experiences he has attained in life in similar situations or upon the advice or sayings of his friends or enemies, he encounters a situation in the way he deems best. It is also known, a man's prospect or success depends upon the attitude which he holds in his day-to-day life.

There are persons who struggle to come up in life, because of the unfavorable incidences or situation which they may have faced in their child life. This problem can be cured if they seek the advice of a counselor or psycho analyst. This method was popularized by Sigmund Freud, who is famous for finding the discipline of psychoanalysis. His theories on the unconscious mind which controls or motivates the individual, interpretation of dreams as guides of insight into unsatisfied and unconscious desires have helped a long way in promoting the importance of psychology as a major cure for diseases.

Born on 06 May 1856, in Austria, he was an outstanding student in his early years of education, but in 1885 he shifted to medicine although his prime interest was to become a lawyer. He studied psychopathology in Paris under Jean-Martin Charcot, who was a renowned neurologist and was doing research on hypnosis. Freud later diversified and found his own method, popularly called as the "talking cure" in which a patient is allowed to talk about his/her problems. He found that the talk made patients vent out their frustration, anger, depression in their words which release emotional energy that had been suppressed or imprisoned in the mind. As a result of this outpour which he termed as "repression", they felt easy, and were more open to suggestions. Repression, Sigmund pointed was an obstacle to the normal functioning of the human being and if suppressed for a long time can alter the mental health of an individual.

Importance of Sigmund Freud's theory and discovery:

He emphasized that a person's behavior was the result of his childhood experiences. The goal of psycho analysis is to bring to the fore, suppressed feelings, thoughts to the forefront and find suitable remedies for them. This theory of Freud is the basic principle around which many of the psychotherapy and techniques are built today. He was among the first person to do research on cerebral palsy. He divided the mind into three parts:

The conscious mind: is which makes the human being aware of any particular moment, memories, and feelings, and gives the ability to act to any situation.

Pre-conscious mind: This part works with the conscious and can be called as "available memory". This brings back memory of an untoward incident or happy feelings submerged in the mind.

Unconscious mind: Freud stated that this is the most important part and which is filled with emotions or experiences which cannot be easily brought back to the forefront. They become visible in disguised form and human beings often resist these feelings which lead to unhappy situations.

Some of Sigmund Freud's favorite quotes are:

"Being entirely honest with oneself is a good exercise."

"A civilization which leaves so large a number of its participants unsatisfied and drives them into revolt neither has nor deserves the prospect of a lasting existence."

During September 1939, he was suffering from cancer because of his smoking and was in severe pain. He died on 23 September 1939 not before showing the world the power of the sub-conscious mind.