Bipolar disorder is a medical condition. People with such a disorder experience extreme mood swings. They can go very easily from happy to angry without any reason. There are many other symptoms characterizing a person with bipolar disorder. Besides the mood swings one can have a lack of control, uncontrollable impulses and little need for sleep.
Four types of disorder
I - Type I is given for a condition where a person has had one manic episode and periods where he has been extremely depressed.
II - Bipolar disorder Type II is a condition where the patient doesn't experience mania. The person experiences very high energy and bouts of depression which switch from one to another.
III - Third type is also called cyclothmia, which is basically the same as Type II, but less severe.
IV - Type IV bipolar disorder is also known as mixed disorder. In this type the person experiences extreme mania and depression at the same time.
What is mania?
Mostly mania is meant as a very happy state of being. People are usually happy and excited about something. This isn't the same for individuals with bipolar disorder. For them, it means a period of behaving very wildly and having excessive rage for no reason at all.
Hard to give medication
It is very hard to give an accurate diagnosis and treatment to a person with bipolar symptoms. To get the symptoms under control and let the person live a normal life where he can work and communicate with other people normally, the right dosage of drugs have to be taken. It is very hard to give the accurate amount of medication, because the symptoms are in a constant stat of flux and the medication has to be taken accordingly. Thus getting an accurate diagnosis is difficult.
Manic symptoms of bipolar disorder
The patient usually experiences extreme mood swings. He can react to something completely over agitated or display an emotion that isn't usual for that situation. Also, person in a manic state doesn't speak coherently. The sentences might not make any sense in given situation. Above all inappropriate behaviour is commonly seen.
What is the risk group
The disorder affects about 2% of the US population. Younger people get diagnosed more, especially between 18 and 24. Also women are at higher risk on developing the disorder. Bipolar disorder is greatly associated with genetics. If one or both of the parents suffer from bipolar syndrome then it's likely that the child will also have it. The main thing to understand is that bipolar disorder can affect anyone in the world and one has to be properly diagnosed with the disease.